Heatintegrated crude oil distillation system design a thesis submitted to the university of manchester for the degree of doctor of philosophy in the faculty of engineering and physical sciences. New conceptual design methodology for a concentric heat. Moredetailed experimental data are required to simulate heat integrated distillation columns. Internally heat integrated distillation column ihidic. Since 1960s, internal heat integration between the rectifying and the stripping sections of a distillation column has gained significant incentives for improving. The design and optimization of distillation column with. An internally heat integrated distillation column hidic is also one of such promising alternatives of the conventional distillation processes to reduce the energy. A monotube or multitube 2 is coupled to a body shell 1 via tube plates 3a and 3b at both ends, so that a tube interior 4 and a tube exterior 5 of the monotube or multitube 2 are isolated from each other. Development of a concentric internally heat integrated distillation column hidic. Schematic diagram of an internally heat integrated distillation column. Heat pumps in distillation allow the heat of condensation released at the condenser to be used for evaporation in the reboiler 15. A partially heat integrated ternary distillation column bandaru kiran, amiya k. All the optimum simple sequences and possible heat integrated sequences are designed and considered to find the best heat integrated. Dynamics and control of a heat integrated distillation.
A case study introduction nearly 40% of the energy consumed in the chemical and refining industries is used by distillation processes. Retrofit of heatintegrated crude oil distillation columns. Energy saving and thermodynamic efficiency of a double. Design of heat integrated low temperature distillation systems a thesis submitted to the university of manchester for the degree of doctor of philosophy in the faculty of engineering and physical. In the hidic, the whole or part of the rectifying section is contacted with. Hidc columns save energy by recovering excess heat from the rectifying section. The heat integrated distillation column to be addressed in this paper is a special distillation column that involves internal heat integration between the whole rectifying and the whole stripping. Heatintegrated crude oil distillation system design.
This work proposes a retrofit methodology for increasing the capacity of heat integrated crude oil distillation columns. Heat integrated distillation column hidic superhidic provides excellent energy saving of above 50% compared to conventional distillation systems in various industrial applications. Modeling, simulation and control of heat integrated distillation columns. The influence of the proposed intensified heat integrated distillation column inthidic scheme on the energetic and economic aspects is evaluated through intensive comparison against the heat integrated distillation column hidic and the conventional standalone column. One of the most prospective alternative is the internally heat integrated distillation column ihidic. This work presents the optimization of distillation column sequences based on creation of maximum possible heat integration and minimizing the total annual cost of process. The invention is directed to a heat integrated distillation column comprising a cylindrical shell having an upper and a lower end and at least one first inner volume and at least one second inner volume in the shell, said volumes reaching from said upper end to said lower end, and being in heat.
Pdf the energy consumption of distillation operation determines the amount of energy consumption throughout the chemical separation. Superhidic provides excellent energy saving of above 50% compared to conventional distillation. Recent advances in internally heatintegrated distillation. Currently, several heat integration techniques have been studied, e. They found further that the hidic was feasible for separations of binary closeboiling mixtures, just as other types of heat pump assisted distillation columns 7,8. A model of an internally heatintegrated distillation column hidic of concentric type was developed using a ratebased model, and the separation of a binary mixture was simulated in a simulator. Efficiency and control of a heat integrated distillation. Heat integrated distillation using a platefin heat exchanger. Initial separation of the crude oil for downstream processing. Internal heat integrated distillation columns ihidics. A partially heat integrated ternary distillation column. The equilibrium theoretical stage concept is used and constant relative volatility was assumed. In this work, an approach for process intensification in distillation columns is studied by merging both reactive distillation and heat integrated distillation column. A more efficient column is necessary to reduce this high energy consumption.
To limit energy consumption, the heat integrated distillation column hidic was introduced. The methodology aims to overcome the limitations mentioned above, to find the maximum capacity of crude oil distillation. Hidic column, showing a diminution in energy consumption in relation to conventional distillation column. Use of heat integrated distillation technology in crude fractionation su zhu, stephanie english, and miguel bagajewicz school of chemical, biological, and materials engineering, university of oklahoma, 100 east boyd street, t. An internally heatintegrated distillation column hidic. The heat integrated distillation column hidic has been shown to be an attractive energy e. Among various heat integrated distillation techniques, the heat pumping system has emerged as one of the widely accepted schemes for continuous. Pdf heat integrated crude oil distillation system design. Heat integrated reactive distillation column rhidic. In this contribution, a new intensified energy integration technique is introduced for the distillation column. Internal heat integrated distillation columns ihidics are further intensifications of vapor recompression principle. The design and optimization of distillation column with heat and power integrated systems kazem hasanzadeh lashkajani 1, bahram ghorbani 2, gholam reza salehi 3 and majid amidpour 4 1,2,4.
In operation, the working atmospheric crude distillation column must meet three major processing objectives. Design and optimization of heat integrated dividing wall. Optimal operation and stabilising control of the concentric heat. Pdf heat and mass transfer of internally heat integrated. Pdf internally heatintegrated distillation column hidic is the most radical approach of a heat pump design, making efficient use of internal. These columns combine the advantages of both direct vapor recompression and diabatic operation and can have significantly lower energy demands than common vapor recompression distillation columns or heat pumps. Jana and amar nath samanta department of chemical engineering, indian institute of technology. Superhidic offers attractive economics without utilizing special equipment, but by applying wellproven technology related to distillation and heat transfer. Above all, internally heat integrated distillation columns hidic are expected to be the most promising alternatives for the conventional distillation. A hidic is a concept of a distillation column with improved thermodynamic efficiency. Design and optimization of heat integrated distillation. Optimisation of existing heatintegrated refinery distillation systems mamdouh gadalla, megan jobson and robin smith department of process integration, umist, manchester, uk abstract existing refinery distillation systems are highly energyintensive, and have complex column configurations that interact strongly with the associated heat. Heatintegrated distillation column hidic is the most radical approach of a heat pump design, making use of internal heatintegration. A difference is made in operating pressure between the tube interior 4 and the tube exterior 5, so that one of the tube interior 4 and the tube exterior 5 is used as a lowerpressure column.
Above all, internally heat integrated distillation columns hidic are expected to be the most promising alternatives for the conventional distillation processes to reduce the energy consumption in chemical plants. Heat integrated distillation column hidic is the most radical approach of a heat pump design, making use of internal heat integration. In this work, a distillation system with heat integrated prefractionator columns is analysed. Design of multicomponent heat integrated distillation systems abstract conventional distillation is energy intensive and remains important to the industry. The heat integrated distillation column hidic, in which heat is transferred directly from the rectification section to the stripping section of the column, has higher energy efficiency than either a conventional distillation column or a vapourrecompression column.
Modeling and control of heat integrated distillation. Pdf authors version requires a pdf viewer such as gsview. In japan, a national research project of an internally heat integrated distillation column hidic has been conducted since 2002. Compared to the addition of either an additional heat exchanger or an additional distillation column, the use of hi stages seems to be the most promising method for improving the thermodynamic performance of a cryogenic asu. The heatintegrated distillation column to be addressed in this paper is a special distillation column that involves internal heat integration between the whole rectifying and the whole stripping sections. Design of a commercialscale heat integrated distillation. Design of heat integrated low temperature distillation systems. If an inappropriately placed distillation column is shifted above the heat recovery pinch by changing its.
This is an economic way to conserve energy when the temperature difference between the overhead and the bottom of the column is small and the heat load is high. Internally heat integrated distillation column is a new technology in which the rectification part of the distillation column operating at higher pressure is used to transfer its heat to the stripping section aiming to decrease the amount of utilities that are used in the conventional distillation. In this configuration the column is composed for two concentric sections called rectifying and stripping. Design and optimization of heat integrated distillation column hidic. An internally heatintegrated distillation column hidic is also one of such promising alternatives of the conventional distillation processes to reduce the energy consumptions in the chemical plants. In a binary distillation column the heat integration is accomplished by operating columns at different pressures 1,2,22 as shown in fig. Heat transfer study in a concentric stage of an internally. Pdf heat integrated distillation system design megan. A new intensified heat integration in distillation column. Improving the heat integration of distillation columns in. Heat integrated distillation column conception and results, case study the separation of a binary mixture with cyclohexane and nheptane is studied for this case study. The structures of the distillation columns are very complex and thedistillation columns. Atmospheric distillation process fundamental concepts. Design of multicomponent heat integrated distillation systems lim rern jern a project report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of bachelor of.1033 648 1276 1014 1343 739 992 27 584 1565 1306 1350 1388 969 862 1383 1370 339 828 1216 843 1469 1018 1392 770 1437 753 541 1499 251 358 1535 1581 365 1084 471 164 377 496 1120 960 829 533 1033